Preliminary statement for the Secondary Elections the Eswatini Elections Support Network (EESN)

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Background Information: The Eswatini Elections Support Network which operates under the auspices of the Coordinating Assembly of NGOs (CANGO) which  is a fully operational Network comprising of 10 Non-Governmental Organisations which focus primarily on elections undertook an observer mission for the national primary elections of the Kingdom of Eswatini. The network deployed 120 observers across 59 Tinkhundla areas across all four regions. The Network is also a member of the SADC Elections Network and collaborates with the SADC Council of Non-Governmental Organisations based in Botswana.  The view good governance as the critical foundation for development.  Good  governance entails a government that respects the rule of law,  separation of powers  between the  Executive,  Legislature and the Judiciary,  respect  and protection of human rights, access to Justice,  delivery of quality services  and facilitate  participation of citizens  in  decision making.  The observers deployed were trained so that they become versed with procedures for monitoring/observing election and adhere to ethical guidelines that govern observer missions.

Here is the full preliminary statement for the secondary elections below:

2018 Secondary elections report


Report on Determining Better Investments for Children in Eswatini: Health, Education, Social Protection & Acess to Justice.


The Coordinating Assembly of NGOs commissioned a desktop research to determine better investments for children in Swaziland. The research aimed to bring to the fore the size and extent of government expenditure on children and the existence policies supporting such expenditures.

Since the research was mainly a desk review, several government budget and expenditure documents were reviewed including national policies and strategic frameworks. Peer reviewed literature and international publications on children were also reviewed to give perspective on practice elsewhere and enable comparisons between Swaziland and other countries in the region as well as the rest of the world.

The investment analysis focused on health, education and social protection since these have a direct bearing on child development. The analysis of government expenditure was limited to recurrent spending as this information was easily available compared to capital spending. The results of the analysis revealed that substantial investments have been made in education and health in the past five years and these have been on a gradual increase over the years. As such, Swaziland compares favourably with other countries in the region and the rest of the world.



Report on the Availability of Disaggregated Data for Widows, Women with Disabilties and the Elderly in the Kingdom of Eswatini



In searching for available data on women with disabilities, widows and elderly women in Swaziland is a very difficult task. This study attempts to document data for women with disabilities and the elderly women, and widows. Some data was identified from certain qualitative reports on disability in general, the elderly people and widows. Countries are urged to collect sex disaggregated data and conduct a gender analysis of this data. Sex-disaggregated data are data that are collected and analysed separately on males and females. This typically involves asking the “who” questions, for example, who provides labor, who makes the decisions, who owns and controls the land and other resources. Or it may involve asking men and women about their individual roles and responsibilities. Some people mistakenly believe that the goal of collecting sex-disaggregated data and conducting gender analysis is simply to understand the situation for women. But, both men and women are involved in production, so it is necessary to understand both of their roles and responsibilities and how these may change in the context of new policies, markets, and technologies.

CANGO with support from the African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF) commissioned a research that tried to document what data was available for elderly women, women with disabilties and widows. The full report can be downloaded on the link below:

Report on marginalised groups-Elderly women widows and women with disabilities

Challenges faced by Trial awaiting detainees in the Kingdom of Eswatini

The report presents findings of an investigation conducted by the Commission on Human Rights and Public Administration in seven Correctional Centres in the country. The report also proposes interventions/recommendations for addressing some of the issues identified. This report is complimentary to the complaints that have been lodged on behalf of the inmates who have spent an „unreasonably‟ long time awaiting their trials. The objective is to address the complaints lodged, but also to come up with solutions that will address the problems in a systematic and sustainable manner.
Trial awaiting detainees face numerous challenges on accessing justice, and these results to prolonged detentions in Swaziland which are human rights and public administration related issues.

The full report can be downmloaded below:



No Concise Data on the Prevalence of Injected Drug Use (IDU) in Eswatini according to a study commissioned by SACRO.

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In a study commissioned by the Swaziland Association for Crime Prevention and Rehabilitation of Offenders (SACRO), Drugs are believed to be widely abused in Eswatini. However, there has never been a systematic assessment of the nature, extent and patterns of drug abuse in the country. There is therefore, need to give priority to conducting a rapid assessment of drug abuse in the country.  Such an assessment is essential to the development of policy and the designing of appropriate programmes for the prevention of drug abuse and treatment and rehabilitation of the drug abusers.  COSAD (NGO that used to perate in Eswatini) found that very little progress had been made towards attending to substance abuse, which situation has gone beyond the problem of substance abuse alone, for it relates to the current escalation of crime, family and social breakdown.

The full report as published by SACRO can be downloaded below:

Mapping IDUs_Finalised Report